To show you how the field of analysis is growing and changing let us talk about the main characters needed for a story to be well done. Note the new and expanded language used to better define the roles.
Primary Actor (PA) This is the character the story is about and who moves the action along by his choices and decisions.
Central Viewpoint Character (CVC) The audience sees the story through this characters eyes.
Initial Equilibrium Disrupter (IED) This is the beginning of the action, where something happens to cause the world of the story to change. If this does not take place there would not be a story.
System and System Characters The system is the world & the culture where the story takes place, usually different in time and place from ours. It describes what is normal for this system before the IED happens.
Primary Norm Breaker (PNB) This is the character that fights against the system.
Primary Noise and Chaos Creator (PN&CC) This generally is the one, or group who cause chaos and interest, who fights against the Primary Norm Breaker (PNB)
Hero There are six different types of heroes.
The six different hero types are:
The Traditional Hero (H) is the person who saves the day and lives.
The Tragic Hero (TH) is the person who saves the day and dies in the effort.
The Comic Hero (CH) is the person who in a comedy saves the day and a comic hero never dies.
The Rogue Hero (RH) is the person who goes against society, who playfully and cleverly beats our system and he accomplishes his goals, and yet we find we are rooting for him even if we would never approve of ourselves doing those actions.
The Anti Hero (AH) is the person who is evil who gets his way and wins even to the destruction of all around him.
The No Hero (NH) this is where no one wins.
This is a very simple outline of the needed characters and the form they need to take inside your story to make it accepted by your intended audience.